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The Successors of Ala-ud-Din Khilji

The Successors of Ala-ud-Din Khilji

Sultan Ala-ud-Din Khilji died of Oedema in 1316 AD (according to some historians, he was poisoned by Malik Kafoor) leaving an empire which was safe and sound from the external perils and internal conflicts because of his stern and relentless policies. Being found of Alexander the Great ll, he overwhelmed the north and south of the India and executed the economic reforms making the lives of the masses easy.

Hearing the tiding of the death of Sultan Ala-ud-Din, Malik Kafoor took the reins of the empire in his hands and put Shahab-ud-Din Umar, the immature son of Sultan Ala-ud-Din on the throne and started ruling the empire under the name of Shahab-ud-Din Umar. In his desire to become the sole ruler, he blinded Khizar Khan and Shadi Khan and checked their way to the throne but Mubarak Shah managed to escape and became the third ruler of Khilji Dynasty as soon as Malik Kafoor was killed in his bed by an unknown killer.

Qutb-ud-Din Mubarak Shah Khilji (1316-1319 AD)

After the murder of Malik Kafoor, Mubarak ascended the throne as Qutb-ud-Din Mubarak Shah. He showered the people around him with riches and high ranks and discontinued some of the policies of his father such as release of 17,000 prisoners imprisoned by him. Alif Khan rose against him but Mubarak Shah dominated him. Harpal, the Raja of Devgari was robbed of his skin after being defeated by Mubarak Shah. With the passage of time, Mubarak Shah lost his control over the government and all the state affairs slipped into the hands of Khusrau Khan, a new Muslim. Lustful of power, Khusrau Khan declared his independence after capturing Madora and Warangal when he was sent to the expedition of southern India. When Qutb-ud-Din Mubarak Shah returned to Delhi from southern India, the rivals plotted against him and put the 10-year old son of Khizar Khan on the throne. They issued the coinage in his name in the empire. Infuriated on this daring act, Mubarak Shah wreaked vengeance and killed all the culprits and even suspects including Khizar Khan, Umar Khan, Zafar Khan, his father-in-law and Shadi Khan.

Qutb-ud-Din Mubarak Shah abandoned himself to the luxuries of life and neglected the state responsibilities. The public caught the color of the Sultan and drowned itself into opulence and affluence became the matter of every day in the empire. Qutb-ud-Din Mubarak Shah sent for Khusrau Shah, his esteemed advisor to Delhi from Deccan to join his hedonistic get-together but Khusrau Shah, after reaching Delhi, murdered Sultan Qutb-ud-Din and ascended the throne titled as Nasir-ud-Din Khusrau Shah.

Nasir-ud-Din Khusrau Shah

The land of India saw the new ruler in the form of Nasir-ud-Din Khusrau Shah, a shooder (the untouchable class of Hinduism) elevated to the rank of minister by Mubarak. He put off his cloak of religion and disregarded the ladies in the royal palace and killed the children. Waheed-ud-Din Qureshi was titled asTaj-ul-Mulk whereas Ain-ul-Mulk Multani was called Alam Khan and Amir-ul-Umara. He distributed the high offices among the nobles of the old days who had been deprived of their ranks in the age of Sultan Qutb-ud-Din. Hindus of his own class were conferred upon high ranks outlawing the Muslims. Ain-ul-Mulk and the other Muslim nobles turned against him. Jona Khan reported his father Ghazi Malik of the malpractices of the Sultan who constituted an army to molest Khusrau Shah and encountered him near Delhi. Khusrau Shah was defeated and beheaded after being arrested in the battle and Ghazi Malik celebrated his coronation In Siri Palace on September 8, 1310 AD as Sultan Ghiyath-ud-Din Tughlaq. The sun of the Khilji Dynasty drowned within four years after the death of Ala-ud-Din Khilji ans Tughlaqs came into power.

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