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The Establishment of Pakistan (August 14, 1947)

Pakistan emerged on the map of the world as an independent state on August 14, 1947. Punjab, Sindh, North West Frontier Province, Kashmir, and Bengal, the areas with the Muslim majority formed Pakistan while the provinces and states with Hindu majority called India. The British transferred the power to the Indians and Pakistanis. A massive migration of 14.5 million people from both sides took place on this occasion because India was divided into two parts on the basis of Hinduism and Islam. 7,226,000 Muslims while7, 249,000 Hindus and Sikhs crossed the borders.

As soon as the Division of India was announced by the British on June 3rd 1947, the so-called Hindu claims of being on good terms with Muslims were unfurled. In August 1947, they came at cross purposes with the Muslims overnight and started a “Holi of Blood” against the division of Maha Bharat, the counterpart of the “Mother Cow”. The dynamite of 1000 years’ hatred against the Muslims exploded and a massive number of Muslims was martyred in their homes, streets and areas. Muslims were followed on the ways to Pakistan. The ladies were kidnapped, dishonored and succumbed to death for the penalty of being Muslims. AThe biggest migration of the world took place on bullock carts, trains and on foot. The nights facilitated the torturous journey to Pakistan when the days became the fanatic murderers of “Muslaaz” and “Musleez”. The Hindus and Sikhs ambushed to murder the people with whom they used to live for centuries.

The newly-born state had to face gigantic problems soon after independence. M.A. Jinnah, the founder and Governor General of Pakistan had to handle a host of issues as follows:

  • Accommodation and rehabilitation of the a huge number of Muslims coming from India
  • India took hold of the Central Bank and Pakistan was deprived of its due share
  • Lack of infra-structure in every walk of life
  • All the factories stayed within the Indian boundaries
  • Lack of Skilled and trained staff in every field
  • Kashmir issue brought about a political strain
  • Except Jinnah and Liaqat Ali Khan, no remarkable premier with administrative experience was there to inherit the responsibilities of a newly-born state while East and West were large enough to be administered
  • Between East and West Pakistan, there was India as a hostile nation which later on disintegrated the East Pakistan.

About SAIMA ASHRAF

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