Thandiani exactly means “Very Cold”; it is a hill station in the Galyat area of Pakistan. In the beginning Thandiani was granted as a lease to some members of the famous family Battaye, in British India. Battaye were vibrant Christian missionaries and they also found civil and military services. Some very famous scions were also produced by them such as Quintin Battye and Wigram Battye. Afterwards the location was gifted by Battye to the church authorities and in British rule sanatorium and other facilities were set up in the church more often for the convenience of missionaries. Anglican Church employees and representatives stationed at the nearest cantonment of Abbottabad.
In addition to that it also encompasses some private European houses, mini bazaar, a ground for camping and the small seasonal church of St Xavier in the Wilderness, only in summer months it is occupied. In the south of Abbottabad District Thandiani is situated and from Abbottabad it is 31 km away in the foothills of the Himalayas. To the east away from Kunhar River is the marvelous snow covered Pir Panjal mountain range of Kashmir and in the north and northwest lies the mountains of Kaghan and Kohistan. The snowy ranges of Swat and Chitral are at the northwest.
Thandiani hills are approximately 9,000 feet above the sea level. Inhabitants of this area mostly belong to Gujjar, Karlal, Laaadoon and Qureshi tribes. Thandiani is nearest to numerous villages including, Kukmang, Mara Rehmat, Khan, Pattan, Inderseri, Siyalkot, Chamaili and Chattri. The weather of Thadiani is outstanding in summers it s filled with lush greenery and in winters the hill is covered with snow. As it is a tourist place many tourists from Khyber Pakhtunkhwa and all over Pakistan come and visit here mostly in summer season.
As this location is at a high altitude it is filled with beautiful sceneries and several hiking tracks in the forest and other nearest locations, hence it is a very attractive viewpoint. As compare to other hill stations in the same locality the mountains around Thandiani are thickly forested, which have undergone some level of deforestation over time. Wildlife also exists in this region and the local wildlife includes monkeys, leopards, and numerous kinds of pheasants, Pine Marten and the increasingly flying squirrel. In 2005 Kashmir earthquake, the area and its neighboring villages were extremely damaged.