A town situated in Sindh, Pakistan known as Tando Adam, this city is also recognized as Daran Jo Shehar as it consist of eight gates in different places and was located in Nawab Shah District until 1955, but later was founded in Sanghar District. Tando means “cantonment” in Balochi language. Mir Adam Khan established this city. The city was popularized for its agriculture and industries as they raise crops including sugar cane, wheat, bananas and mangoes. It also consist of numerous ancient sites even the mosques and the Hindu temples. One of the oldest temple dates to the 16th century, which now has been taken by Dr.Ziaduddin Government primary School and the famous shrine of Shah Abdul Latif Bhitai is just 16 km away from the town.
Tando Adam khan encompasses abundant industries which includes Faisal Cotton Ginning, Pressing Factory, Faisal Flour Mills, Jugnu Match, Mian Cotton Factory, Jugnu Cotton Ginning ,Cotton Seed oil Mill, Bhatti Oil Mill and almost 14 related oil mills are located in the city. The trading hub of the district is Ismail Jee. In Pakistan, Tando Adam has the biggest power loom industry. In addition to this, several paper products, cottage industries, fruit juice and cotton ginning also add up to the national exchequer. It also provides an economic centre to the District Sanghar. A textile mill and Fazal flour mill was also founded there. In 1954, Mehboob Elahi and Muhammad Sadiq Maghoon founded Textile Mill in Chiniot, but unfortunately the mill was ended in 1982. Its labour was mostly from Jatia Para.
Tando Adam consists of 20 plus Cotton Ginning factories and even a Telecommunication Industry that plays a vital role in the economic condition of the city. All the popular telecommunication companies have their franchises in the city, like Mobilink, Telenor, Warid, Zong and Ufone. Several educational institutes have also been located in Tando Adam. The city is renowned for its foodstuff mostly “Sujji” which is exported worldwide, even the famous Badayoon-e-Pera of Hafiz, which has the real taste of Badayoon in India. More over the “Lassi” of Mastana are among the few areas of expertise in the city and are renowned for its exceptionality which is hardly found anywhere in Pakistan. Since 1950, both Mastana and Hafiz are leading this business.
The trendiest supermarket of the city is Dogar Cloth Store and Jaffar Dogar was the owner of the shop for almost 25 years, as he died on 19th of Feb 2013 his sons have taken the shop responsibility. Their shops have immense diversity of Sindhi traditional “Ajrak”. Muhammad Ali Jinnah Road has mostly areas of business. Via national highway, Muhammad Ali Chowk is the transit hub for proceeding to Hyderabad.
The estimated population of the city includes 92% of Muslims, 6% of Hindus and Christians are only 2% founded. . If culturally examined the town has almost 60% of Sindhi, 20% of Muhajir, 10% of Punjabi, 8% of Pashtun, and 2% are of other ethnicities. After the partition of British India into India and Pakistan in 1947, the Mahajirs and Punjabis arrived in this area. Sindhi is the official language of the city while other languages are also spoken including Balochi, Seraiki, Punjabi, Pashto and Urdu the national language of our country. Only 7000 residents were established in the city till 1947 but now the population has increased to 2 lakh by the year 2011.
It is recognized as the seventh largest city of Sindh and 21st biggest of Pakistan. It has occupied almost an area of about 16 square km. The city is also responsible for producing numerous artists, actors, vocalists and film directors. Tando Adam is mainly recognized for 3 reasons one is Raan, Sajji and Ustad Manzoor Ali Khan. As Sajji is the signature dish of the city and Ustad Manzoor is the illustrious singer from Sindh that has received of performance award from Government of Pakistan. He fused Sindhi Kaafi with classical music. He made effort on many Sindhi Ragas with highest level of expertise. He recognized as the legend of Sindhi Music History due to his services for Sindhi music. Even Ustad Nusrat Fateh Ali Khan followed his way of working in national and international level and got famous. The people of Tando Adam are proud of Ustad Manzoor Ali Khan. His Son in law born in Tando Adam known as Ustad Fateh Ali Khan has been conferred with Pride of Performance and Sitara-e- Imtiaz by the Government of Pakistan. His other Son in law, Mr. Piaro Khan has remained SDM of Tando Adam and caused so many community troubles of the city with devotion. Tando Adam is a city of harmony and it is renowned for the hafiz badaiyoon peraas, halwa poori, milk and barfi of mastana and chaat of jumman jatti. The250 meter long and 3 meters wide street of the city known as Lohar Galli is famous for its sweets and samosas and is one of the popular streets of Tando Adam.