Tafetta is a fabric that is made from silk or synthetic fibers; it is a very smooth, crisp and plain woven fabric. The word Taffeta is originated from Persia which means “twisted woven”. In Pakistan the most raw silk taffeta is produced. Tafetta is considered as a high-end fabric which is suitable for making wedding dresses, ball gowns and even for the interiors for wall covering or curtains.
Silk taffeta fabric is classified into two main types which includes piece-dyed and yarn-dyed. Piece-dyed taffeta is frequently used in linings and is a very soft texture where as Yarn-dyed taffeta is stiffer and it is often used in evening dresses. Another silk was introduced after forms of Byzantine silk which was known as Shot Silk and the fabric was known as pupura. In 1950’s taffeta was first woven in Japan and then in Italy and France. From eighteen century wrap–tafetta or chine was mainly manufactured in France and after Madame de Pompadour it was known as Pompadour taffeta. India and Pakistan are known to produce the most raw silk taffeta.
In the beginning taffeta was produced on handlooms but slowly and gradually since 1990’s the process of its production was transformed on mechanical looms which were carried out in the areas of Bangalore. Some fine silk taffetas were produced in the province of China Jiangsu from the 1970’s until the 1990’s but the fabrics produced there were not that flexible than those manufactured in Indian Mills and the fabric produced here are now dominate in production. This fabric is also woven in other countries like Southeast Asia and the Middle East but the products manufactured are not equal to the quality to those made in India.
Countries like United Kingdom, France, Russia and Italy are famous for producing deluxe taffetas. The quality of the fabric is that it holds its shape better and is widely used in the production of corsets and corsetry. A famous personality from France known as Joseph Montgolfier constructed a small, cube shaped balloon on 4th November, 1782, hence this led to many experiments using taffeta balloons by the brothers of Montgolfier and in the history the first human flight was introduced which was lighter-than-air craft. The interesting fact about this fabric is that the synthetic fiber forms of taffeta are used to stimulate the structure of blood vessels.