Shah Jahan Mosque, located in the city of Thatta in the Sindh Province of Pakistan was built by Shah Jahan, a Mughal Emperor. Thatta (also known Thatto in local areas) is located (60 miles / 100km) in east of Karachi, the provincial capital of Sindh. It’s an important and historical city of Sindh.
With Arabian Sea and Indus River on its western end, Thatta was a thriving and important city of then recently flourishing religion i.e. Islam. From 14th century till 1739, four different Muslim dynasties had been ruling over Sindh from Thatta but when the capital moved elsewhere, Thatta started declining.
Thatta is famous for its rich cultural heritage but is also famous for its Shah Jahan Mosque. This mosque is famous for the beautiful architecture it owns. This mosque also known as Shahjahani mosque and Jami’ Masjid of Thatta has also been a part of the tentative list of UNESCO world heritage since 1993. It was constructed in the year 1647 in the times of Shah Jahan by an architect called Mir Abdullah. This mosque has been built with red and blue glazed tiles which were most probably imported from Hala, another town of Sign Province.
This mosque has 100 domes in all and it’s the largest mosque of the world having these much domes. This has been done keeping in mind the special effect of acoustics so that if a person speaks in any one of the domes, he can be listened at the opposite end of the domes.
Its floor was covered with stones in the year 1657. Repairs were made in the seventies by Awqaf Department (Endowment Department). The pond for ablution is located in the eastern portion of this mosque. It contains a combination of local and Turkish artwork. It was the very first mosque which was built as per the Mughal courtyard principles. This mosque is also constructed along east-west as compared with the common north-south direction. The architects going off the path constructed this mosque to make it altogether different from what was constructed in Delhi and in Lahore.
This mosque will remain as a principal example of majestic architectural structure regionalized by the use of Sindhi tile work and bricks and this makes the mosque exclusive from the others and worth admiring – and visiting.