Document signed by Sir Syed certifying that the land granted by the Lt. Governor of the Province for constructing the building of the Scientific Society has been occupied by him (dated March 7, 1865). Ghazipur became the place of attention in Indo-Pak history when Sir Syed Ahmad Khan established a Scientific Society in it in 1864 with the purpose of translating the books on Literature, Science, Agriculture, and Engineering.
Prior to the opening of the Society, the Muslims were being victimized of revolting against the British and as a result they were kept ignorant and illiterate by the British.
The hatred against the British compelled the Muslims to declare Fatwas against English education which kept them at an arm’s length from the British institutions. Consequently, they lagged behind in every sphere of life and other communities especially Hindus outlawed them from every walk of life. Scientific Society burnt a candle in such a pitch dark and then went on burning. It proved to be the first step towards the freedom of the Muslims in the long run.
Sir Syed delivered the welcome address of the Society on January 9, 1864 while the introductory remarks on the Society were presented by G.F.I. Graham, the Assistant Superintendent Police in Ghazipur. Mr B. Spate was the founding president. The Society was based on moderate and modern views instead of any religious tilt or communal tendency. Therefore out of 109 members announced by Sir Syed Ahmad Khan, 47 were Muslims, 34 were Hindus, and 28 were British. G.F.I graham and Sir Syed were elected the Secretaries of the Society.
The main purposes of the Society were:
- To translate the books on technical and educational literature from English into local languages of India.
- To publish the rare books on the topics abovementioned.
- To avoid the publication of religious books.