Balochistan is the largest province of Pakistan. It is filled with minerals and important trade zones. Pilgrims also travel through this province while going to Iran, Iraq and Syria. The largest spread province still lacks education standards and literacy rate is very low. Now World Bank has borrowed money for Promoting Girls Education in Balochistan. This project is called PGEB and its motto is Education for All.
Government of Pakistan has involved World Bank to invest in education sector of Balochistan. Most of the schools lack basic necessities for incumbents like 57% schools cannot provide drinking water, 46% schools have no boundary wall, 52% have no electricity, 29% schools have no toilet facility while 9% schools have no shelter. In such situation learning in schools is difficult.
Balochistan has always been under threat due to conflict. This turbulent past is spread across many periods. This conflict is actually between nationalist groups and government of Pakistan. Though balochs always came front in wars, floods and other disasters. The baloch tribes always supported cause of Pakistan.
Education indicator for girls is extremely low in balochistan. Approximately 45% of populated areas are without schools. This situation is critical and alarming. The stability of peace in balochistan is far but hopes are positive. Currently India has been trying to get benefit out of this conflict and creating troubles in balochistan. The weaknesses are due to lack of resources poor situation of peace. In addition the floods in 2010 and 2011 caused the increase of prices in the area.
Promoting Girls Education in Balochistan PGEB will help the needy and deserving girls to study and prepare themselves for future challenges. Literacy rate should be high, this move is positive towards peace and progress. World Bank has focused on these crises and agreed to provide a Multi Donor Trust Fund (MDTF) to Government of Pakistan. This fund will be utilized to educate the people in Khyber Pakhtunkhwa KP, Federally Administered Tribal Areas FATA and border areas.
The MDTF finances projects identified by local and provincial governments to following
(i) Promote enhanced, sustainable and accountable delivery of basic services, including education, health, and administration of justice.
(ii) Support livelihoods and community-based development of basic infrastructure and services
(iii) Help communities to access assets and market opportunities and create the basis for viable income generating activities
(iv) Support peace building activities and promote rapid crisis recovery in KP, FATA and Balochistan
(v) Improve governance and institutional performance by strengthening, building and rebuilding state effectiveness through institutional strengthening and economic governance interventions.
The quality of education will be improved in challenged areas of Balochistan. This fund will divide money in different areas of education.
US$ 5 Million will be utilized in construction of buildings for shelter less schools for girls (primary and middle).
US$ 2 Million will be given to provide missing facilities to girls schools like toilets, furniture, drinking water etc.
US$ 1.6 million will support the establishment of new gender free schools. These co-education schools will support government policies.
US$ 1.4 million will be spent on technical assistance to the education department to enhance the skills and procedures for effective implementation of education reforms in region.
USA and people of America always stood with Pakistani people to provide support in disasters. We as Pakistani nation salute the American people for their efforts to bring prosperity and peace in region.