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Pashto

Pashto

Pashto is the chief language of Afghanistan and is famous among the Pakhtuns of Khyber Pakhtunkhwa (North West Frontier Province). The language is not spoken only in these two regions but its speakers can be found in a large quantity around the world. Around sixty million people promote this language. The language has three branches; Northern Pashto, Southern Pashto and Central Pashto.

The two spoken in Pakistan are northern Pashto and central Pashto. The estimated count of Pashto speakers in Pakistan is around 25 million. Other areas of Pakistan, where Pashto is spoken vastly are Sindh, Baluchistan, Punjab, Attock, and Mianwali.

The writing appearance of this language was covered in 16th century so it must be said that this language has also a rich history. Before 1984, it was not allowed to use this language as a source of medium in Primary schools but now, instructions are mostly given in this language to the children of Khyber Pakhtunkhwa side. Pashto language is a set of words adopted from East-Iranian languages and it can be said that the language is a mixture of Ossete and Yaghnobi like languages. Pashto language is far different from other languages of Pakistan as the density of Urdu language is quite low in it.

So, only a Pashto speaker can understand other Pashto speaker. The language consists of seven vowels which also make it different from other languages. Many famous Pashto poets played their role in the promotion of this language by writing poetry and literature of this language. The most popular one is Khush’hal Khan Khattak. These famous poets left various beautiful folk stories behind them which are now traditionally sang on music of that region. The speakers of this language are usually known as Pathans or Pakhtuns.

Pashto is also very rich in vocabulary words. Most of the speakers of this language are born Pakhtuns as the quantity of second speakers of Pashto is low. It is the official language of Afghanistan and is used as a provincial language of Pakistan. The language contains pure East-Iranian words and it is very difficult to understand it by the people of other regions of Pakistan.

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