In the northwestern part of Karachi, Sindh, Pakistan is a town named Orangi town. This town is considered to be the largest town of Karachi. It has government demonstration, even though it is the lowest tier of the government. This town is basically developed with lower class but all essential amenities of life are available for the natives. But some division of the town is illustrated as a slum. However, it encompasses more than a few new developed middle class areas but due to the lack of funds it is still among the under developed areas and mostly considered as slums. Orangi town includes many cultural groups that include Sindhis, Seraikis, Bohras, Ismailis, Kashmiris, Mahajirs, Pakhtuns, Punjabis and many more.
The town is populated with 99% of Muslims and 75% of Muhajir and its estimated population is 2.5 million. The town’s demography has considerably changed in the last 15 years, seeing that Pakhtuns have occupied the land and settled in this town in hefty figures. In 1965, its populace began to develop more after the residential conservatory to the Sindh Industrial and Trading Estate (SITE). During 1980, the town became prominent when the local residents become aggravated at the lack of improvement in the area by the metropolitan government.
Orangi Pilot Project was established under the supervision of Akhtar Hameed Khan. As the area has developed with unlawful residents in the city at the time, so that’s why it was least bothered by the Karachi Metropolitan Corporation (KMC). Its populace consists of blue-collar worker. As the government was least bothered about the town, the local community them self designed and built their own low-cost sewerage system but due to its unauthorized status KMC declined to allocate the sewerage system to be connected to the existing city sewers, though KMC was imposed to cooperate when the venture attracted worldwide consideration. In 2000, the local government reforms were introduced by federal government.
Shahrah-r-Orangi project was instigated by the City District Government to recuperate the damaged road that connects the town with other parts of the city. More over the KIII water supply project will provide filtered water to the Orangi inhabitants. A road has been constructed by the City District Government through the Khasa Hills linking Orangi town with North Nazimabad Town. In 1980, Orangi Pilot Project was initiated by Akhtar Hameed Khan. This venture was intended to enhance the socio-economic progress of the populace of the vast Orangi areas of the city. Khan proved to be the vibrant and pioneering leader of the project. Series of programs were involved in the projects including Housing program, finance, Low Cost Sanitation program, Health and family planning program.