Pakistan has a rich architectural history and remnants of some of the earliest civilizations in the world can still be seen in Harappa and Mohenjo-Daro where modern principles of town planning, architecture and public health engineering were applied so impressively. Likewise, remains of the British era can be seen in Lahore which houses the breath-taking Badshahi Mosque, splendid Lahore Fort and the majestic Shalimar Gardens. Moving on, the British Colonial Architecture is also present such as the Mohatta Palace and Frere Hall in Karachi, King Edward Medical College, Aitchison College, Convent of Jesus and Mary School in Lahore. However, after gaining independence in 1947, Pakistan strove to express its new found national identity through architecture. This is reflected in the following modern architectures:
Faisal Mosque: The largest mosque in Pakistanis conceived as the National Mosque of Pakistan and named after the late Saudi King, Faisal bin Abdul Aziz. The mosque’s architecture is unique and modern and is a departure from the long history of South Asian Islamic Architecture and fuses contemporary lines with the more traditional look of an Arab Bedouin’s tent with its triangular prayer hall and four minarets.
Buildings of Monumental Importance: These include the Minar-e-Pakistan which is a public monument located in Iqbal Park of Lahore. This tower reflects a blend of Mughal, Islamic and modern architecture. Another is the mausoleum of Quaid-e-Azam which is made of white marble with curved Moorish arches and copper grills. Lastly, there is the National Monument of Pakistan which is the latest example of integrating culture, independence and modern architecture.
Corporate Offices: The Saudi-Pak tower in Islamabad is an example of the integration of modern architecture with traditional styles. The beige-colored edifice is trimmed with blue tile works in Islamic tradition and is one of Islamabad’s tallest buildings. Another is the Arfa Software Technology Park in Lahore, which has been constructed according to international standards and consists of a 17 storey tower block and an integrated six storey car parking. It is an icon of promoting information technology in Pakistan and includes offices of companies like Lamudi. Similarly in Karachi there is the colossal head office of Pakistan State Oil and the Techno City Corporate Tower which are prime examples of modern architecture.
Shopping Malls: The Centaurus Mall is one such example in Islamabad which comprises of three skyscrapers, corporate offices, residential apartments and a 5-Star Hotel. Moreover, there is the Dolmen Mall in Karachi which is the ultimate example of modern architecture in Pakistan. Not only does it provide an outstanding shopping experience but also transports you to an international city with its unique construction and structural design.