Thursday , 22 February 2018
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Malot Temple Fort

Malot Temple Fort

Pakistan is the country that has so many historical places. There are many forts and temples located here that can be traced back to the centuries. Some temples like Malot Temple Fort date back to the sixth to early eleventh century are located along Indus River and in the Sault Range mountains. Dotting the salt range there are five temple fortress complexes that were built in 10th century AD and because of the synthesis of Kashmiri architecture and Greek tradition, these have been described as prettiest. Katas Raj temple complex is another complex that was built in the latter half of the sixth century and is located near Kalar Kahar in the Chakwal District of Punjab.

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Malot temple fort is located about the 15 kilometers from Katas Raj temples in the west side.  This ancient temple fort is located on the hilltop. It is also stated that the last Hindu Shahi Raja Mal embraced the Islam over here. The area covered by the town and fort of Malot is around five square kilometers. Two Hindu temples are located here and both are the beautiful illustration of historic Kashmir Architecture.

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Local red sand stones of salt range mountain were used in the construction of the Malot temples. These salt range mountains are located near Choi village leading toward Malton village. The main Kalar Kahar road is linked with this road from where it turns towards Malot through Pakistan cement factory and village Chio along with coalmines. The Malot was also named as Namrod and Ramrod.

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It is said that the name is after the MalDev King who is also called Malu. The history of Rajput states that the name Malot is derived from the word Malik Kot. It is believed that the one who accepted the annexation to the Muslim King of Delhi got the title of Malik and as reward in the assigned area, he enjoyed with full sovereignty. The travelogue of the Mughal King Baber indicates the corollary of Malik Kot, Mal Kot and then eventually Malkot.

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Now, with the minor geological changes the hill is being rived with narrow rift on which the Malot fort stands. The matter of the ruins’ destruction is aggravated by the recent near cement factory activities and coal mining. To preserve the Malot, the only way that seems to possible by some experts is to shift the Malot to a safer place. The best way of preserving would be shifting the Malot brick by brick.

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All the temple fort complexes located in the Salt Range should be nominated for the World Heritage Site that would help in the preservation of the temple complex that Al Biruni visited and written about.

About Syeda Masooma

One comment

  1. Malot Fort is really an important monument of Kahoon valley of distt Chakwal. Which must be presrrved accordingly with the Archaeological Department,& must be saved this heritage .it is the history which may be preserved by us, for preservation awareness through organizing saminars on old relic be organized in the kahoon valley which is full of old old relics.
    Its name was originated as “MALIK KOT” when it conquerd by Mahmood Ghaznavi & Qutab shah Awon the fore father of Awan was appointed as aGovernar of Malot & was awaded with the honour of MALIK, FOR THAT VERY REASON IT WAS KNOWN AS “MALIK KOT”.
    I appreciate the photography.
    Riaz Malik

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