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Lahore Resolution 1940 (Pakistan Resolution)

Lahore Resolution 1940 is an important landmark in the history of Indo-Pak as it determined the path for the Muslims. Passed in the three-days annual meeting (March 22-24, 1940 at Minto Park Lahore) of All India Muslim League, Lahore Resolution led to the establishment of Pakistan after seven years. It was presided over by Mohammad Ali Jinnah and attended by a host of the high rank Muslim personalities including Nawabzada Liaqat Ali Khan, Maulana Zafar Ali Khan, Nawab Sir Shah Nawaz Mamdot, and Choudhry Khaliquzzan and others.

The resolution was drafted by Mohammad Zafrullah Khan and presented by A.K. Fazlul Haque. The welcome address was by Nawab Shah Nawaz Mamdot who chaired the reception committee of the 1940 session of the Muslim League and bore the expenses of the meeting.

Liaqat Ali Khan presented the annual report of the Muslim League and A.K Fazul Haque (the Chief Minister of the united Bengal) moved the Resolution seconded by Choudhry Khaliquzzan who threw light on the reasons which led to the demand of a separate homeland for the Muslims of the Sub-Continent. Maulana Zafar Ali Khan from Punjab, Sir Abdullah Haroon from Sindh, Qazi Eisa from Baluchistan and Sardar Aurangzeb from North West Frontier Province extended their support to the Resolution.

The text of the historical Resolution was signed on 24th of March 1940 but 23rd March is commemorated as the jubilant day.

Khaliquzzaman seconding the resolution

The original text of the Resolution stated:

“No constitutional plan would be workable or acceptable to the Muslims unless geographical contiguous units are demarcated into regions which should be so constituted with such territorial adjustments as may be necessary. That the areas in which Muslims are numerically in majority as in the North-Western and Eastern zones of India should be grouped to constitute independent states in which the constituent units shall be autonomous and sovereign.”

And that:

“Adequate, effective and mandatory safeguards shall be specifically provided in the constitution for minorities in the units and in the regions for the protection of their religious, cultural, economic, political, administrative and other rights of the minorities, with their consultation. Arrangements thus should be made for the security of the Muslims where they were in minority.”

Jinnah said in his presidential address:

“Hindus and Muslims belong to two different religions, philosophies, social customs and literature. They neither inter-marry nor inter-dine and, indeed, they belong to two different civilizations that are based on conflicting ideas and conceptions. Their concepts on life and of life are different. It is quite clear that Hindus and Muslims derive their inspiration from different sources of history. They have different epics, different heroes and different episodes. Very often the hero of the one is a foe of the other, and likewise, their victories and defeats overlap. To yoke together two such nations under a single state, one as a numerical minority and other as a majority, must lead to growing discontent and final destruction of any fabric that may be so built up for the government of such a state”.

He added:

“Musalmans are a nation according to any definition of nation. We wish our people to develop to the fullest spiritual, cultural, economic, social and political life in a way that we think best and in consonance with our own ideas and according to the genius of our people”.

The Lahore Resolution (later named as Pakistan Resolution) shattered the concept of the united India by declaring that the Muslims were united for their cause and would leave no stone unturned to achieve their desired separate Pakistan. A monument was built on the place where the historical session of Muslim League was held which laid the foundations of Pakistan later on.


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