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Koh-e-Murad is a famous shrine of Turbat, Balochistan. It is a holy place for Zikris where they usually offer their prayers. Sayed Muhammad Janpuri the founder of Zikris and Imama-e- Aakhiruzamaan visited this place as stated by many Zikris. On every 27th of Ramadan the members of Zikris get together for ziarat of this holy shrine. The faith of Zikris is the consequence of Islam determined in Makran, Balochistan. The word Zikri is derived from an Arabic word “Dhikr” which is pronounced as Zikr in South Asia and this word is usually used to depict Sufi worship. They are in general considered as heretical by conventional Muslims.

Zikris, like typical Muslims, are religiously obligated to offer prays five times daily. Though, the way they offer prayer which they call Zikr is different from Salah. On the other hand Mahdavi, the followers of Sayed Muhammad Jaunpuri pray according to the Sunnah and follow the same ideologies of Sunnah that were experienced and strained by the saint. Sayed Muhammad Jaunpuri was the strict follower of Sunnah of Prophet (PBUH) and the teachings of Islam. Mahdavis perform Hajj and even Umrah as well. Where as the Zikris does not carry out the basic Islamic Hajj but instead of that do ziyarat of Koh-e-Murad.


In Balochistan majorities of Zikris are found and there majority spiritual group in the district of Gwadar. Even in the city of Karachi and in Iran large grouping of Zikris are found. Although in south western Balochistan they are found in abandon where their holy center, Koh-i-Murad, is sited. But with the passage of time Zikris are becoming less visible due to the fear that will also be nominated a ‘minority’, against their will. The Zikris of Balochistan that is the main Baloch cultural group in Makran and in its neighboring areas. They have a fear that they will undergo the fate of the Ahmadis due to the demands of certain assemblies for their description as a non-Muslim minority. The community of Zikris is under-researched. On the other hand, several Baloch nationalist leaders and even writers have articulated commonality with the Zikris, taking into consideration that they are the ‘archetypal Baloch’.

As it is said that Zikris strongly have faith in Syed Muhammad Jaunpuri but according to another concept it is stated that Zikris believe in 12th Imam that is Imam Mehdi the Akhir u Zamam and they accept it as a true that he has came into this world as stated by many Muslims but on the contrary to that many Zikris don’t believe in that as the assured Mehdi who accentuated on the purity and formalism in Islam. The faith emphasizes on self-discipline, isolation, satisfaction and incantation of heavenly names, or Zikir-i-Khatir. At Turbat many Zikris contribute in their annual congregation in the end of the holy month Ramadan. According to the view point of some scholars this annual ceremony in the shrine near Turbat is the existing remainder of daira system but this is just according to Zikris because for Muslim there is no other substitute for annual pilgrimage to Kaaba.


Majority of Zikris are deprived peasants or wanderers who take pleasure in coming to the shrine Koh-i-Murad then anywhere else. As Zikiris identify themselves as Muslims that’s why their population is not known. But still it is predicted that there are millions of Zikris that are living in Pakistan, Iran and India. Besides that in Las Bela, Quetta and Karachi, Zikris have huge communities but the city Karachi encompasses the more ratios of Zikris then in anywhere else but several have travelled in other places due to financial reasons, while being connected with their native Makran.

The intellectual and profitable consequence of the Zikri festivity is substantial.  The logics of Zikris dispute Sunnis and others, argue concerning their faith. On the other hand, Malais the spiritual leader of Zikris accept it as a true that the prayer of Zikris is little bit diverse than the others. Some people do not believe them to be unorthodoxly dissimilar from other Muslim commands and locate comparison with many other doctrinal analyses. The Zikr Khanas of Zikris, these are the places where they worship are dissimilar from the increasing figure of mosques across Makran but are like mosques but does not encompasses pulpits positioning towards Mecca. As an alternative, they have stones and mats where they sit and do zikr.

Unfortunately the Muslim communities belonging to JUI and JI have molest them for being sheretic sect” and several operations were accumulated to stop them from gathering at Koh-e-Murad. Even in Afghani Balochistan and Iran they have been conventionally victimized. According to the demand of some Zikris they want themselves to be declared as non-Muslim minority. The status of Zikris remained unchanged but the fact is that they are frightened and thus locate harmony with a secular adaptation of Baloch customs.


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