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Khyber Pass

Khyber Pass

Khyber Pass recognized as one of the oldest passes in the world is about fifty-three KM long passing through the mountainous region of Hindu Kush. This pass connects north of Pakistan in Peshawar and ends up at Torkham in Afghanistan. Narrowest portion of this pass is almost three meters and the highest point is about 3500ft. Khyber Pass is one of the most prominent pass in the world and is an important trade route for centuries.

This pass is the gateway of invasion for the armies. This pass is situated in Afridi area where smuggling and snatching is common. A railway track was also developed by British in 1920 which pass through thirty four tunnels and ninety four bridges.

Different famous invaders had passed through the Khyber Pass such as Alexander which moves with his army on 326 BC. Later on, Mongols marched with his army on 990 AD including Duwa and Kebek which bring Islam into the sub-continent. Among the Muslim, the invader which passes through the Khyber Pass were Mehmood Ghaznavi, M. Ghori and Babur. This invasion result in the formation of Mughal Empire. During their period sub continent was again raided by Nadir Shah in 1739 and later on by A. Shah Durani in 1761. Later, British marched to Afghanistan through the Khyber Pass. Three battles were fought between British and Afghanistan. The first battle was fought for four years, second battle was fought for two and the third battle fought for one year respectively. In 1842 war almost sixteen thousand people were killed. It is said by one of the British member that every portion of Khyber Pass was assimilating with blood. But after the Independence of sub continent on 14th August 1947 battles, assault and shedding of blood were finished.

For century Khyber Pass is used for trading goods from one country to another. Usually goods like silks, ceramic and other pottery glaze were trade. These people travel in caravans in order to secure them from robbery while crossing the Khyber Pass. Khyber Pass attracts hundreds of foreigner every year. These days Khyber Pass is used for the transportation of arms and ammunition to Afghanistan.

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