The tomb of Jahangir, the resting place built for the 4thMughal Emperor (he ruled from 1605 to 1627) is located near the town of Shahdara Bagh in Lahore. This tomb was built 10 years after the death of the king by his son Shah Jahan. Its placement is commendable within an enclosed garden. On the corners four octagonal towers have been constructed which reach up to 30 meters high and rises up in five segments.
The interior of this bedazzling tomb has been embellished by colored marble, pietra dura stone and frescoes. This tomb has been featured very prominently on the back of a 1,000 rupee note of the Pakistani currency.
Emperor Jahangir passed on in Raja Uri, on his way from Lahore to Kashmir. His body was returned to Lahore and he was laid to rest in Noor Jahan’s orchard along the river Ravi. With intersecting erect paths the grounds of the tomb have been laid down in the orthodox charbagh pattern. The total area covered by this beautiful landmark is 55 acres. Access to the grave has been granted via the large southern and northern gates. The southern gate is covered with red sandstone called Sikri and white marble tiles.
After entering we come across a square enclosure which is called takhgah (84 meters square). The corridor around, is ornamented with the most beautiful and elegant mosaic art which depicts flowers and Quranic verses. Entering the mausoleum we are greeted by an elevated sarcophagus built with whites marble; the sides of which has been adorned with flowers of mosaic resembling in style with those of the Taj Mahal. On two sides of the sarcophagus the 99 attributes of Allah Almighty are written with black on the tiles. This sarcophagus is considered to be one of the finest marble artworks in the sub-continent (i.e. Pakistan and India); reason being the clean and elegant use of some really precious and beautiful stones. Beautifully patterned ‘jalis’ let light in the mausoleum.
Old pictures reveal that a second floor to this tomb existed; built on top of the central square one, traces indicate the location; where the second cenotaph may have been. Like his ancestor, Jahangir also requested that his tomb may remain unroofed.