Near Taxila, Punjab, Jaulian ruins of ancient Buddhist monastery are located. The Julian ruins can be traced back to the fifth century CE. There are two main parts of these ruins, one is the main stupa and other one is the monastery and university of Jaulian. Jaulina ruins are located at the top of mountain and the building of university at Jaulian ruins is much similar to Mohra Muradu that is about 1 km away.
The main stupa at Jaulian is surrounded by twenty-one votive stupas and is badly damaged. Some of the experts believe that few of these votive stupas here are the tombs of revered monks. There are statues at stupas and most of the statues are preserved. For the purpose of exhibition at museum, a number of these statues are removed. Along with the plaster, at some places, the original structure of the building of Stupa is preserved.
An odd artifact that is a statue of Buddha with a hole in its navel can be seen here that is called “healing Buddha”. People visit this place with the belief that by putting their finger in the naval hole and praying for the alimenting of patients would help to cure the illness. The carved writing under the statue reveals that this statue was gifted by “Budhamitra Dharmanandin” a friar. This and some of other carved writings at this site are the indications that in the fifth century CE the script was still used.
A monastery was also built here that contained a number of rooms for the students. In addition to these rooms, a large pool for washing was also built here. Two floors are built within the monastery and each floor has twenty-eight rooms. In front of some of the rooms, statues of Buddha are preserved. Stairs were made of stones to reach the upper floor and are still preserved. As a source of some light and the supply of fresh air, each of these rooms had a window. These holes of windows were also used as niche to grip the lamps for students.
To keep the wild animals out, these windows were constructed in the way that these were small at the outer edge and became enlarged at the inner edge of the wall. The room walls were plastered and decorated with the paintings and a well-preserved outer wall of the monastery is very smooth and straight. A kitchen was also constructed in the monastery and a stone for grinding the spices and two stone mills that were used to grind different types of grains are also preserved.
In 455 CE, White Huns burnt the monastery and thus destroyed.