A remarkable landmark of the history of Indo-Pak is the establishment of Indian National Congress in 1885 by Allan Octavian Hume (1829-1912), a retired servant who had a flame to do something for the people of India. Congress owes a lot of homage to A.O. Hume who became friends with the Indians while all his country men were treating the Indian as inferiors and the ruled. He came forward with the viewpoint of the welfare of the Indians.
As the Director General of Agriculture, Hume left no stone unturned to serve the Indians but after his retirement, he laid the foundations of the Congress to continue his strife for the poor Indians as he had been with those poor Indians and knew their nuisances.
Hume was keenly observing the developments in India and Indians’ ire against the British. He sensed a rebellion and appealed to make a Union based on Indians to have their say. In the end of 1884, he succeeded to form a Union which called for a meeting in December 1885. In the beginning the Congress had very liberal and moderate views and ideology as it was under the influence of the British and the restrained Hindus. In April 1885, the manifestation of the Congress was issued. On December 28, 1885 the first meeting of Indian National Congress was held at Gukal Das Tej Pal Sanscrit College in Bombay. Wumesh Chandra Bannergee presided over the first historical meeting of Congress. The foundation of the Congress denoted in two ways: one from the British side who wanted to ventilate the sentiments of the Indians and ultimately prolong their rule and the other was that the Indian Hindus and Sikhs wanted to grab the privileges of the British monarch. Whatsoever it was, it laid the foundations of voicing the anguishes out though under the canopy of the British Raj.