Allan Octavian Hume raised the voice of the local down trodden people of India and the Indian National Congress (1885) awarded the Indians with awareness of their rights. It compelled the British government to amend the Act of 1861 which could not measure up to scratch of the Indians. The spread of universities sprinkled education in the public and they were now in a better position to have their say on the policies and legislations of the British Government.
They came to know the injustices of the government on the issues like abolition of 5% duty on cotton which infuriated Indians. Hume liaised on between the Indians and the British which led to the formation of Indian Councils Act 1892. Its salient features were as under:
- It increased the members of the legislature with an authority to speak on financial issues.
- Two-fifth of the total members of the legislature would be non-official.
- For Madras and Bombay, the number of members was to between eight and twenty.
- It introduced the process of election in India.
- Non-Official five members would select the official members.
- The word “Nominated” was used for the elected member.
The Act embraced new horizons as the Indians were given the right to express their opinions even financial matters though it was beyond their discretion to move any resolution on or against any issue.