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Khizar Khan (1412-1421 AD)


After the ravages of Amir Timor at Delhi and the end of Tughlaq Dynasty, Khizar Khan founded the Sayyed Dynasty in the north of India of the medieval ages. His claim to the throne was recognized by Sayyed Jalal-ud-Din, the religious chief of Bukhara. Though the historians have quoted him as the descendent of the Prophet of Islam (Peace be ... Read More »

Sayyed Dynasty (1412-1451)


In the age of Mohammad Tughlaq, the Muslim empire lost its control over the area encompassed by the predecessors and the revolt raised their heads there and then which could not be countered by the feeble rulers of the Muslim empire. The Hindu Rajas of Deccan liberated themselves from the submission to the Muslim center and declared their independences challenging ... Read More »

Feroz Shah Tughlaq (1351-1388)


The son of general Rajab (who was the younger brother of Ghiyath-ud-Din Tughlaq) Feroz Shah Tughlaq was born in 1309 AD. Rajab Khan (his father), Abu Bakar and Shah Tughlaq came to India in the age of Ala-ud-Din Khilji and were elevated to the highest ranks in the court. Shah Tighlaq was appointed the governor of Depalpur where he came ... Read More »

Ibn Batoota (1304-1368 AD)


Born on February 24, 1304 AD Abu Abdullah Mohammad Bin Abdullah Al-Lawati Al-Tanji Ibn Batoota enjoys a special status in the pages of history for exploring the world and his literary work on traveling named Rihla (journey). Fond of Rihla, Ibn Batoota belonged to a rich family of Tangiar (Morroco) which facilitated him to roam around the world. Desirous of ... Read More »

Court of Sultan Mohammad Shah Tughlaq


Sultan Mohammad Shah Tughlaq (1325-1351 AD) built a palace in Delhi having many doors called “Babs” (doors) and the guards kept on standing on these doors with drums beaten on the arrival of any noble to inform the king and welcome the visitor. On the first door, “Jillads” (the royal killers) were appointed to kill anyone according to the verdict ... Read More »

Sultan Mohammad Shah Tughlaq (1325-1351 AD)

The Tomb of Shah Rukn-i-Alam in Multan, Pakistan

Jauna Khan/Alagh Khan/Fakhr Malik ascended the throne in 1325 AD in Tughlaqabad as Sultan Mohammad Shah Tughlaq after the death of his father who was crushed under the newly-built palace in Afghanpura. After the forty days of the burial of Sultan Tughlaq, Mohammad Shah, the eldest child of Sultan Tuglaq rejoiced his coronation in Delhi and started his regime which ... Read More »

The successors of Iltutmish after Razia Sultana


Razia Sultan carried the legacy of his great father and ascended the throne in 1236 AD but was surrounded by conspirators from the very beginning of her rule. When she was garlanded with the title of Sultan, she observed “parda” (veil) but later she had to abandon it and she started heading military expeditions with a bare face riding elephants ... Read More »

Strategies of Ghias-ud-Din Balban


Being ugly and unsightly from his appearance, Ghias-ud-Din Balban proved to be one of the most stringent and inflexible ruler in the history of Indo-Pakistan whose tenure introduced the policy of blood and iron to crush the upheavals of the adversaries. After ascending the throne, Balban put three main targets before him which were: Removal of the rival Turk chiefs ... Read More »

Ala-ud-Din Khilji (1296-1316 AD)


The history of slaughter goes on and Ali Gurshap Khan (commonly known as Ala-ud-Din Khilji) colored his hands with the blood streaming out of the neck of his guardian, uncle, and father-in-law making it the last echelon to position himself as the next Sultan in1296 AD. The callousness of time and power takes the toll of another skull and leaves ... Read More »

Economic Reforms of Ala-ud-Din Khilji


One of the biggest credits of Ala-ud-Din Khilji was the economic reforms which emancipated the masses from the hoarders and inflation and which were imitated by the rulers of the world. He fixed the prices of the commodities all over the empire and set up a strict supervision system to insure the availability of goods at equal prices. Thus, curtailing ... Read More »

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