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Expansion of Akbar’s Empire


Sikandar Shah Suri did not resist Akbar and heartened him to march forward and expand his Empire. Defeat of Hemu, the Hindu king in the Second Battle of Panipat in 1556 accelerated this desire. Victory over Sikandar Shah strengthened the military position of Akbar as his artillery and 1500 trained elephants were captured by Akbar. Already armed with 500 elephants ... Read More »

Maham Anga 1562


Maham Anaga, the lady who fostered one of the greatest Mughal Emperors from the cradle to the throne was a power crazy woman whose influential role in the royal court of Akbar is denoted as “Petticoat Government”. The tutelage of Bairam Khan, the guardian of Akbar was ended up after a coup. Akbar had shared his secret ploy to make ... Read More »

Emperor Akbar’s Administration


Though Akbar followed the Central System derived from Delhi Empire but he amended some departments according to the need of the day. His administration ran as under: Mir Bakhshi was the Army Chief responsible for battles and defense against enemies along with informing the Emperor about military developments, needs, and perils. Mir Saman performed the duties of handling Harem and the household. ... Read More »

Diplomacy of Emperor Akbar


Jalaluddin Akbar is credited and discredited at the same time with his religious tolerance and fostering relations with Hindu Rajputs through inter-marriages. The policy of diplomacy aimed at having good terms with the adverse tribes and castes and strengthening the Mughal Empire. On the contrary, Hindu Rajputs took it as stigma on their caste and bade good bye to their ... Read More »

Mujaddid Alif Sani (1564-1624)


Mujaddid Alif Sani (the reviver of the second millennium), one of the early religious reformers in India was born on June 26, 1564. A firm opponent to the Infallibility Decree in 1579 and Din-e-Elahi in 1581 propounded by Akbar, Sheikh Ahmad Sirhindi challenged the divine status of Akbar’s initiatives taken to create a religious harmony in the opponent cults of ... Read More »

Mughal Art by Akbar The Great


Mughal Era enjoys a special status in Indo-Pak history for nurturing Art and Architecture in India. The first two kings of the Empire could not pay attention to the art and architecture in their short-lived tenures. But Jalal-ud-Din Akbar, after pacifying the revolts and perils to the crown, fostered the architecture and art to his full. Surprisingly enough, being an illiterate, ... Read More »

Battle of Ghagra 1529


The Battle of Ghagra is one of those battles which helped Mughals establish their statute over India. Babur had to combat two major forces in India: one was the Rajput Lords and the other was the Lodhi Empire. He defeated the Madini Rao, the Rajput Chief in 1528 and occupied Chanderi. Prior to this, he had won against Ibrahim Lodhi ... Read More »

Battle of Khanwah


The First battle of Panipat (1526) hoisted the flag of Babur’s victory and he became the ruler of Delhi after defeating Ibrahim Lodhi, the last Lodhi ruler. The second remarkable battle which strengthened the Mughal Rule in India was the Battle of Khanwah. It was fought between Babur and Rana Sanga of Mewar on March 17, 1527. Mewar was supported ... Read More »

Emperor Humayun 1530-1540


Zaheeer Uddin Mohammad Babur died on December 26, 1530 inheriting the whole of India to Humayun, his eldest son. Nasir-ud Din Mohammad Humayun (the fortunate), took hold of the Empire at the age of 22 four after days his father’s death. Too immature to handle such a vast Empire and a dynasty which was only 5 years old, he found ... Read More »

Second Battle of Panipat 1556


Humayun died on January 24, 1556 and Jalal-ud-Din Akbar, his 13 years old son was enthroned on February 14, 1556 in Kalanaur in Punjab. At the time of his father’s death, Akbar was in Punjab with Bairam Khan, the Chief Minister. The Mughal Empire sprawled over Kabul, Delhi, Kandhar and Punjab when Humayun died. The Empire was encased by the ... Read More »

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