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Qutub-ud-din Aibak – Slave Dynasty (1206-1290 AD)

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Mohammad of Ghaur died in 1206 AD leaving no heir but he was succeeded by a horde of capable generals who carried the heavy responsibilities of the empire left by him. These generals included Taj-ud-Din Yalduz, Mohammad bin Bakhtiyar Khilji, Nasir-ud-Din Qabacha, and Qutb-ud-Din Aibak who took the hold of the empires of Ghazni, Bengal, Multan, and Delhi respectively. Qutb-ud-Din ... Read More »

Shams-ud-Din Iltutmish (1211-1236 AD)

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Shams-ud-Din Iltutmish (or Atamish, the son of Neem Khan from Ilbri clan of Turkistan) came as the third king of the Ilbri Turks who succeeded after the death of Qutab-ud-Din Aibak. Being the son-in-law and trust worthy general of Aibak, he was selected as the sultan of India though the elites of the court put the crown on the head ... Read More »

Aurangzeb Alamgir (1658-1707)

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Aurangzeb Alamgir (1658-1707) Abul Muzaffar Mohy-ud-Din Mohammad Aurangzeb came into power after the illness of his father Shah Jahan in 1658. Dara Shikoh, his brother jumped into the war of accession while Shuja and Murad, the other brothers tried to dominate the Mughal Empire. Aurangzeb finally captured the throne when he confined his father in Agra Fort. Shah Jahan died ... Read More »

Art & Architecture of Emperor Akbar

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Akbar as a Patron of Art, Literature and Architecture Mughal Era enjoys a special status in Indo-Pak history for nurturing Art and Architecture in India. The first two kings of the Empire could not pay attention to the art and architecture in their short-lived tenures. But Jalal-ud-Din Akbar, after pacifying the revolts and perils to the crown, fostered the architecture ... Read More »

Nuruddin Mohammad Jahangir (1605-1627)

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Nuruddin Mohammad Jahangir (1605-1627) Al Sultan al Azam wal Khaqan ul Mukarram, Abul Fateh Khushru e Giti Panah, Nuruddin Mohammad Jahangir Padshah Ghazi cleaved the throne after Akbar, the Great. Born on September 20, 1569, he was the third son of Akbar who survived while Hussain and Hasan, two elder brothers of him died in their infancy.   Therefore he ... Read More »

Shah Jahan (1627-1658)

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Shah Jahan (1627-1658) The younger son of Jahangir ascended the throne as the fifth Mughal Emperor with the titles of Malik-ul-Saltanat, Ala Hazrat Abul Muzaffar Shahab ud Din Shah Jahan 1, Sahib-e-Qarn-e-Sani, Al-Sultan-al-Azam wal Khaqan-ul-Mukarram, Padhah Ghazi Zillullah, Firdous- Ashiyana, Shehenshah-e- Sultanat-ul- Hindia wal Mughaliya, the Emperor of India.  Being the favorite grandson of Akbar and the son of Princess ... Read More »

Taj Mahal: Out of Love or Architecture?

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Taj Mahal: Out of Love or Architecture? One of the Seven Wonders of the World, Taj Mahal is visited by the visitors from all over the world round the year. The stunning beauty and fabulous grandeur of Taj Mahal leaves human eyes enthralled. A symbol of profound intimacy and story of King Shah Jahan, who adored his wife and eternalized ... Read More »

The Successors of Aurangzeb Alamgir

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The Successors of Aurangzeb Alamgir Death of Aurangzeb in 1707 brought a steady decline of the Mughal Empire as no remarkable successor ascended the throne and the Empire slipped away from the hands of Mughals and went to the very lap of British in the long run. His strict religious policies infuriated the Sikhs, Hindus, and even Christians and their ... Read More »

Nader Shah

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Nader Shah Nader Shah (Knowns as Tahmasp Qoli Khan or Nader Qoli Beg), the ruler of Iran during 1736-1747 founded the Afsharid Dynasty. As a hunter of anarchy, he availed the weakness of Husayn, the King of Persia when Hotaki Afghans overthrew Husayn. Belonging to the Afshar Clan of northern Persia, he is called the Second Alexander, and the Napolean ... Read More »

Successors of Mohammad Shah and the War of Independence

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Successors of Mohammad Shah and the War of Independence Ahmad Shah, the son of Mohammad Shah (known as Shah Rangila) ascended the throne on April 29, 1748 when his father died. Despite having prowess in the battlefield, he was unable to handle the administrative affairs of his day. He had defeated Ahmad Shah Abdali in the battle of Sarhind but ... Read More »

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