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Ala-ud-Din Khilji (1296-1316 AD)

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The history of slaughter goes on and Ali Gurshap Khan (commonly known as Ala-ud-Din Khilji) colored his hands with the blood streaming out of the neck of his guardian, uncle, and father-in-law making it the last echelon to position himself as the next Sultan in1296 AD. The callousness of time and power takes the toll of another skull and leaves ... Read More »

Economic Reforms of Ala-ud-Din Khilji

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One of the biggest credits of Ala-ud-Din Khilji was the economic reforms which emancipated the masses from the hoarders and inflation and which were imitated by the rulers of the world. He fixed the prices of the commodities all over the empire and set up a strict supervision system to insure the availability of goods at equal prices. Thus, curtailing ... Read More »

Revenue System of Ala-ud-Din Khilji

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Ala-ud-Din Khilji inherited an economically down trodden empire surrounded by the upheavals of Hindu and Rajputs of India while the Mongols were posing a consistent threat to his rule. It required the restructuring of the economy to uplift the conditions of the people and the state. Therefore, Sultan enacted economic reforms and a precise system of revenue all over the ... Read More »

The Successors of Ala-ud-Din Khilji

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Sultan Ala-ud-Din Khilji died of Oedema in 1316 AD (according to some historians, he was poisoned by Malik Kafoor) leaving an empire which was safe and sound from the external perils and internal conflicts because of his stern and relentless policies. Being found of Alexander the Great ll, he overwhelmed the north and south of the India and executed the ... Read More »

Ghias-ud-Din Tughlaq (1320-1325 AD)

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Reportedly, a son of the slave of Ghias-ud-Din Balban, Ghazi Malik (Sultan Ghias-ud-Din Tughlaq) came to power after eliminating the Khilji Dynasty by killing Khusrau Shah, the last weak ruler of Khiljis who hastened a plain sailing for Tughlaq. His father had married a woman of Jat clan and Ghias-ud-Din was born. According to Ibn Batoota, the word Tughlaq came ... Read More »

Raja Dahar (661-712 AD)

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Raja Dahar is the person standing on the verge of civilizations in the history of Indo-Pakistan. It was he who brought about a change of not only rule, but a monarch too. Being the despotic King of Sindh, he canopied the pirates of Sindh while being vindictive towards his subjects. Shooders/ Antyajas, (the lowest considered strata of Hindus) and the ... Read More »

The Successors of Mahmud Ghaznavi

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The Ghaznavid Dynasty which lasted for 175 years on Indo-Pakistan, left irremovable imprints on the history as it provided a milestone of a separate Muslim state in the years to come.  Eleventh century saw the prime of the Muslim rule when Mahmud Ghaznavi dominated over northern areas of Pakistan defeating Jai Pal and Anand Pal, his son. Multan and Sindh, ... Read More »

Celebrities in the age of Ghaznavids

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Ghaznavids fostered a host of personalities from diverse domains who won everlasting fame for themselves and the Ghaznavids. Among such icons, people from art and literature, history, and mysticism are remarkable. The sun of Islam rose in the area due to the religious scholars and saints who came to India from Ghazna and other regions of the world. It would ... Read More »

Sultan Shahab-ud-din Ghauri

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Moiz-ud-Din Mohammad bin Sam (Shahab-ud-Din Ghauri) is rightly called the true founder of the Muslim empire in India as it was he who compressed the political muscle of the Rajputs and laid the foundations of a strong Muslim India. Ghaur is the name of a Turk tribe in the White Mountain Range in the north and east of Ghazna. In ... Read More »

Literary Stars of Mehmud Ghaznavi

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Mehmud Ghaznavi, the founder of Ghaznavid rule in India nurtured a bunch of writers, poets, and chroniclers around him which showed his keen interest into knowledge and wisdom. They were not only the “Qasida go” (praising the king), but they also excelled in Hadith, Islamic Jurisprudence, history, mathematics, geography, physics, and chemistry. The boundaries of the fame of his scholars ... Read More »

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