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Fourteen Points of Jinnah 1929

Nehru Report (1928) heralded the Hindu designs towards the Muslims as it proved to be a Hindu document concerned only with the interests of the Hindus. It overtly countered the interests, concerns, and safeguards of the Muslims of the Sub-Continent rejecting the separate electorate. It also disregarded the Delhi Proposals. Consequently, the Muslims felt themselves adrift and looked into the ... Read More »

Allahabad Address 1930

After the Nehru Report (1928) which deliberately tried to outlaw the Muslims from the legislature of India and denied their separate electorate without which their identity, interests, and even existence was in danger. Muslim intelligentsia played their role to combat the situation and found solutions of India’s constitutional, communal, religious, and cultural differences and disputes. Allama Mohammad Iqbal was one ... Read More »

Government of India Act 1935

The British government appointed a Select Committee of 16 members ( from the House of Lords and House of Commons) to formulate the new constitution of India in 1935 after a sequence of political events including Nehru Report (1928), Fourteen Points of Jinnah (1929), and the Round Table Conferences (1930-33). The Committee consisted of 20 representatives of India and seven ... Read More »

Congress Ministries 1937

After the three Round Table conferences, Government of India Act 1935 was implemented. Though it was not hailed by the All India Muslim league and the the Indian National Congress, two major parties of India did not hail it but the both participated the general elections held under the Government of India Act 1935 in the winter of 1936-37. The ... Read More »

Lahore Resolution 1940 (Pakistan Resolution)

Lahore Resolution 1940 is an important landmark in the history of Indo-Pak as it determined the path for the Muslims. Passed in the three-days annual meeting (March 22-24, 1940 at Minto Park Lahore) of All India Muslim League, Lahore Resolution led to the establishment of Pakistan after seven years. It was presided over by Mohammad Ali Jinnah and attended by ... Read More »

Cripps Mission 1942

The Second World War put the British government into predicament because of the victories of Japan over Singapore (February 15, 1942), Rangoon (March 8, 1942) and Andaman (March 23, 1942). The British government found itself endangered and felt the need of the Indian people urgently. But the aggravated different political parties especially the Muslim League and the Congress were at ... Read More »

Gandhi-Jinnah Talks 1944

On July 17, 1944, Gandhi wrote a letter to Jinnah and requested to meet him. Jinnah, with the approval of the Muslim League, agreed to meet Gandhi in Bombay. The Talks lasted from September 19, 1944 to September 24, 1944. Jinnah presented the stance of the Muslim League while Gandhi told him that he had called upon him in a ... Read More »

Wavell Plan 1945

The British government envisaged a plan to confer some more liberties to the Indians and the Lord Wavell, the Viceroy of India convened a meeting of all major political parties of India. On 25th of June 1945, the plan proposed: The government will reconstitute the Viceroy’s Executive Council consisting of wholly the Indians except that of Viceroy and the Commander-in-Chief. Dominion ... Read More »

June 3rd Plan 1947

The British government finally decided to divide the country into two separates states after all the efforts of keeping Hindus and Muslims together in a single state went in vain. Lord Ismay, the Chief of Staff of Lord Mountbatten, was asked to frame the partition plan of India. Though the plan was deliberately kept secret from the Indians yet Nehru ... Read More »

Indian War of Independence 1857

The “Mutiny” as it was called by the British was, in fact, the first War of Independence against the British government in 1857. Starting from Meerut on May 10, 1857 on the issue of the cartridges made up of fat with the meat of pigs (and which needed to take into mouth before operating it) it broke out in the ... Read More »

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