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Allured Clarke


Sir Allured Clarke Field marshal Sir Allured Clarke was born on 24 Nov 1744; he was lieutenant governor for the Province of Quebec and a civil administrator. In 1795 he went o India on a secret mission to defeat Dutch Army during his journey towards the sub-continent, he was successful in his mission and work out on some administrative and ... Read More »

East India Company


East India Company The unparalleled East India Company trading in tea, saltpeter, indigo dye, opium, silk, and cotton is also known as English East India Company/ East India Trading Company/ British East India Company. It was intended to trade with East Indies in the beginning for the import of spices from South Asian region. Originating from only a few traders, ... Read More »

The Establishment of Pakistan (August 14, 1947)

Pakistan emerged on the map of the world as an independent state on August 14, 1947. Punjab, Sindh, North West Frontier Province, Kashmir, and Bengal, the areas with the Muslim majority formed Pakistan while the provinces and states with Hindu majority called India. The British transferred the power to the Indians and Pakistanis. A massive migration of 14.5 million people ... Read More »

Annulment of the Partition of Bengal


Partition of Bengal In 1905, Lord Curzon (1899-1905) divided Bengal into two parts to make it easy for the British Government to govern it due to its large size (189,000 square miles) and admittedly lofty number of population (80 million). It helped improve the administration of the both parts. West Bengal got the majority of Hindu population while the Muslims ... Read More »

All India Muslim League (1906)


The day of December 30, 1906 has far reaching consequences in the history of the Sub-Continent when the Muslims of India named their separate identity and founded the All India Muslim League to have their say. The annual meeting of All India Mohammeden Educational Conference (December 27-30, 1906) became the message of the liberation of Muslims later on in history ... Read More »

Minto-Morley Reforms 1909

The British Government devised an amendment in the Indian Councils Act 1861, and Indian Councils Act 1892 and the Government of India Act 1835. Lord Morley, the Secretary of State for India, announced in 1906 that the British government planned to increase the empowerment of the Indians in the Legislative Council. Along with Minto, the Conservative Governor General of India, ... Read More »

Jinnah joins the Muslim League 1913

Before Jinnah joined the All Indian Muslim League in 1913, his political career came under the influence of the Britain where he studied. In 1892, the London Office of Graham’s Shipping and Trading Company offered him an apprenticeship. During his academic years, he came across the British leaders like William Gladstone, and John Morley in the United Kingdom. Also he ... Read More »

Lucknow Pact 1916

The high profile leaders of the All India Muslim League and the Indian National Congress met at Lucknow in 1916 to ponder over the self-government in India. Both the parties agreed on the Congress-League Scheme commonly known as Lucknow Pact. Congress was led by Bal Gangadhar Tilak, the Maratha leader and Jinnah presided over the All India Muslim League. Jinnah ... Read More »

Khilafat Movement (1919-1924)

The major players of the First World War anticipated and planned the disintegration of the Ottoman Empire into many regions since the very inception of war. Territories and the people led by the Sultan of the Ottoman Empire were conglomerated. The French and the British army occupied Istambul in November 1918 which led to the partitioning of the Empire. The ... Read More »

Simon Commission 1927

The British government sent seven members of the parliament to India to mull over the constitutional reforms by the British government. It was called Simon Commission on the name of John Simon who chaired the seven-member commission. The other six members were Clement Atlee, Harry levy-Lawson, Edward Cadogan, Vernon Hartshorne, George Lane-Fox, and Donald Howard. Interestingly enough, the Commission did ... Read More »

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