Gold mines in Balochistan make it land of gold. It is the southwest part of Pakistan and covers an area of 347,190 square kilometers. Border of Afghanistan is on north and northwest side and bordered by the Iran to southwest side. Arabian Sea lies to the south. Balochistan is the blessed province full of natural resources and minerals. Many gold mines are discovered in Balochistan. Reko Diq and Seyahein-Diq (saindik) are two largest gold deposit mines of Balochistan.
Saindak gold mine is near a town called saindak in District Chaghi. Copper and Gold deposits were discovered at saindak with the collaboration of a Chinese engineering firm in 1970s. In 1995 production at saindak copper and gold mine started with the funding of Government of Pakistan. In initial trial months, monthly production rate was 1700 tons of copper, 6000 ounces of gold and 12000 ounces of silver.
With the help of Germany and France, a power plant of 50 MW was constructed. After the trial of 1995, the project lost its momentum because of some internal issues. In 2002, mining project was awarded to the China Metallurgical Company and in 2003 they started the systematic mining of gold, silver and copper. Estimated ore reserves at saindak are 412 million tons. These reserves contain average 0.5 gram of gold per ton and average of silver is 1.5 grams per ton. It is believed that mine has the capacity to produce 15,800 ton of blister copper per year, containing 1.5 ton of gold and 2.8 ton of silver.
Reko Diq is a small town of District Chaghi in Baluchistan. Reko Diq is near to the borders of Iran and Afghanistan in a desert area. It is a remote area and is famous for being one of the world’s largest copper and gold mine. Barrack Gold Corporation, Antofagasta Minerals and Tethyan Copper Company (TCC) are working on outsourcing and recovery projects at Reko Diq mine. Estimated weight of gold and cooper at reko diq is approximately one billion three hundred million tons. It is said that Reko Diq holds 12.3 million tons of copper and 20.9 million ounces of gold. Some other surveys say that Reko Diq may have as much as 11 billion pounds of copper and nine million ounce of gold. This gold and copper mine of Baluchistan can produce at least 170,000 tons of copper and 300,000 ounces of gold per year.
It will not be wrong if we call Baluchistan “A Land of Gold”