Faiz Ahmed Faiz was the great revolutionary Urdu poet of Pakistan. Faiz was born in Sialkot, Punjab on 13 February 1911. He belonged to a family of landowners. Faiz’s father was a successful lawyer who was much interested in literature as well. Many literary figures including Sir Allama Iqbal national poet of Pakistan were the people who were very close to his father. Faiz received his education in English at mission school Sialkot. After matriculation, he got admission at Murray Collage at Sialkot. Faiz learned Urdu, Persian and Arabic as well. Faiz wrote his first poem at school. He received his MA English degree in 1932 from Government College, Lahore and degree of MA Arabic from Oriental College, Lahore. He also worked as a teacher in Amritsar and Lahore from mid 1930s.
Faiz was a very prominent figure of the Progressive Writer’s Moment. He joined this moment in 1936 and was the first secretary of this moment. It was a moment in which few writer groups of the world were included in a literary movement in pre-partitioned India. People in this group through their writings against injustice and backwardness inspired people. Faiz became editor-in-chief of monthly Urdu magazine Adab-e-Latif in 1938 and continued working there until 1946. Naqsh-e-Fariyadi was Faiz’s fist literary book that was published in1941. Later in 1947, he joined Pakistan Art Council. From 1959 to 1962, Faiz worked secretary of Pakistan Art Council. In 1964, he became the vice-president of Pakistan Art Council and in the same year, he became rector of Abdullah Haroon College. Faiz was a man of principles who never compromised on them. Faiz’s writings were based on western models of writing that gave a new verse form in Urdu. Faiz was inspired by the writings of Allama Iqba and Mirza Ghalib Baig.
Faiz was a socialist who wanted socialism in country and thought that only socialism could be the solution of every problem in a country. Faiz’s writing was revolutionary and he wanted to make people think and motivated people to stand against humiliating system. He wrote the thought provoking poetry. Some of his major literary works are Naqsh-e-Faryadi, Zindan Numa, Mere Dil Mere Musafir, Dast e Saba and many more. Including English and Russian, Faiz’s poetry has been translated into many languages. By Soviet Union in 1962, Faiz received Lenin Peace Award. He was also honored with the nation’s highest civil award, Nishan e Imtiaz in 1990 by the Government of Pakistan. He died o 20 November 1984 at the age of seventy three in Lahore, Punjab. . Faiz Ahmed Faiz’s literary efforts are still remembered and applauded.