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The word English has been extracted from the name of Angles (which is now known as Schleswig-Holstein). Originating from the Old Saxon and Anglo Frisian dialects brought around by the Germanic and British settlers who came around from numerous parts of what we now recognize as Netherlands, Denmark and Germany came a language known as English.

It is a West Germanic mode of communication and it replaced Brythonic (a Celtic language, which was used during the 400-year Roman Rule) in the Roman Britain. To date, with 328 million speakers English has grown to be the third most spoken language around the world. Archaeologically, the form of English language mentioned above is now collectively termed as the “Old English”, because with the passage of time English it-self has been divided into various branches and all these branches have taken on many new words, discarded some old ones and modified some old ones.

A noticeable amount of words were constructed on Latin roots, because before English domination Latin was sort of lingua franca of the Church and in Europe. Now English is considered as the lingua franca around the world and most people communicate in the English, which has been greatly influenced by the Viking invasions around the 8th, 9th centuries and their language, the Old Norse Language. Moreover the language got influenced by the Norman takeover of England as the Norman-French lent some spellings and vocabulary to this newborn language, and the language began to give more of a superficial look like those of the Roman languages, up till now this language had underwent a lot of transformation but it was only halfway through and became to be known as Middle English. Around the 15th century began the pronounced vowel shift, which marked the advent of Modern English. In arrears to the adaptation of various languages within Europe, the Modern English is comprised of a humungous vocabulary. Modern-day English has also adapted words from other language sources like that of Hindi and African origin. That is why the Oxford English lexicon lists more than 250,000 divergent words; excluding a lot of scientific, technical and/or slang terms, not including words belonging to manifold word classes.

The current English is usually known as the first global medium of communication, it is a very prevailing language which is sometimes required as the international dialectal of communications, knowledge, information technology, corporate, nautical, aviation, show business, radio and peacekeeping. Starting off from the British Isles it went global by the end of the 19th century. With the initiation of British colonization during the 16th-19th centuries, English spread through the United States, New Zealand, Canada and Australia. With the U.S. becoming a superpower after World War 2 the language got a boost and spread like wildfire. By the end of the 19th century English had replaced French as the prevailing language of diplomacy. During the late 20th century, English substituted German as the prevalent language of the laureates of Nobel Prize. One of the most prominent influences of the development of English is the decline of native etymological diversity.


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