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Diplomacy of Emperor Akbar

Diplomacy of Emperor Akbar

Jalaluddin Akbar is credited and discredited at the same time with his religious tolerance and fostering relations with Hindu Rajputs through inter-marriages. The policy of diplomacy aimed at having good terms with the adverse tribes and castes and strengthening the Mughal Empire.

On the contrary, Hindu Rajputs took it as stigma on their caste and bade good bye to their daughters or sisters whom they had wedded to the Mughals, say the historians. These Hindu Rajputs were granted special favors from the Emperor in the Royal Court and they entered the good books of the Emperor. But they were not allowed to marry, dine or pray with the Muslims.

Raja Bharmal of Amber signed an alliance with Akbar after its accession and offered Harkha Bai (commonly known as Jodha Bai), his daughter to Akbar for marriage. Harkha Bai did not play any active part in the court while Bharmal and Bhagwant Das (her father and brother respectively) reached high offices in the court of Akbar and favor continued till Man Singh, the grandson of Bharmal. The other Rajpute tribes also agreed on the matrimonial relations with Akbar but there were some clans which did not agree to compromise on their religion. Hadas of Ranthambor and Sisodiyas of Mewar were such two clans. Rathore Kaliyandas opposed the matrimonial alliances of Akbar and threatened to kill Udai Singh who had promised to offer his daughter to Jahangir. In retaliation, Akbar marched towards Siwana to punish Kaliyandas who was killed in the battle and the ladies of his clan committed “Jauhar”.

The blend of Mughal and hindu Rajput genes created a harmony among the diverse cults of the Empire on one side and bred the opposition of the staunch believers of Hinduism on the other. The favors showered on the fathers and brothers of these Rajput girls pacified the rebel emotions of the hostile Hindu Rajas. Introducing Din-e-Elahi after combining the virtues of all religions in India was intended for political synchronization of the opposite castes and clans of India. The diplomacy could not win the favors of the orthodox Muslims as well who raised their voices against it and called it against the tenets of Islam. Also the Hindu Rajputes did not appreciate the matrimonial relations of their Rajas with the Mughal Emperor to be blessed with some favors in his court or to save their writs in their respective areas.

About SAIMA ASHRAF

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