The Second World War put the British government into predicament because of the victories of Japan over Singapore (February 15, 1942), Rangoon (March 8, 1942) and Andaman (March 23, 1942). The British government found itself endangered and felt the need of the Indian people urgently. But the aggravated different political parties especially the Muslim League and the Congress were at cross purposes and could not agree to one single solution.
On 22nd March 1942, the British government sent a commission to India to level the grounds in favor of the British government. The Commission was headed by Sir Stafford Cripps, a Cabinet Minister. The Main points of the Commission were as under:
- The British government would ensure the general elections soon after the World War.
- Under the British government, a new Indian dominion would be created.
- Minorities would be secured and protected.
- The provinces which would not be willing to join the dominion would enjoy the power to make a separate union.
The Mission greeted with no success as Jinnah rejected it on the grounds that the demand of a separate homeland for Muslims was not clear in it.
The congress also rejected it because they foresaw a separate Muslim state in the form of the recommendations of the Mission. Consequently the Commission could not bring the desired outcomes for the British government. Another significant upshot of the Mission was that it broadened the gulf between the Congress and the Muslim League.