Pakistan has blessed with many natural gifts of Allah. These resources play an important role in the development and prosperity of the country. Chenab River is one of them. It starts from the Himalayas and its length is 960 km.
It is located in eastern Pakistan and its annual average flow in 2002 was 12.38MAF. The old name of river Chanad was Iskmati or Ashkini. It flows from south-western direction through the Punjab province.
Five rivers join to form a ‘Panjnad’ or it is also called ‘Five rivers’. Chenab River joins with River Jhelum at Trimmu, with River Ravi at Ahmadpur then with River Sutlej. The fifth river is River Beas which joins with River Sutlej at Ferozpur village, India.
The irrigation system of Pakistan is one of the best systems because 70% of the cultivated area is under irrigation. This is because of the rivers of Pakistan. From the rivers canals have been dug to irrigate the lands. The upper Chenab and lower Chenab irrigate the area of Rachna Doab. The Haveli system of canal is also located here. Marala Headworks, Khanki and the Qadirabaad play a significant role in the river-canal link system in Punjab.
In 1960, through the mediation of the world-bank, Indus Water treaty was signed between Pakistan and India. According to this treaty, the three western rivers Indus basin, Indus, Jhelum and Chenab are used by Pakistan. India can’t stop or utilize the water of these rivers. Unfortunately, there is again a dispute on this treaty. Hope these issues will be resolved soon.
The Chenab River is generally considered the second healthiest river of Pakistan. It is the source of income for many people. As the water irrigates the lands of country the same way the fish, prawns and other marine food is an important part of Pakistan’s economy. It is also a source of income for many poor people. Unluckily the industrial waste and pollution is harming the marine life.
At the end Chenab River also meets River Indus which finally falls into the Arabian Sea.