Chaukhandi tombs, it is a graveyard located near Landhi town on N-5 National Highway, 29 kilometers of east Karachi. These tombs are remarkable and unique because of its stone carving. This unique architecture style can only be seen in Sindh and cannot be found anywhere else in the Islamic world. Chaunkhandi tombs are attributed to Jokhio. Jokhio was a tribe that was from Samma tribe that is known as the clan of Rajput. Rajputs claim that they are the decedents of ruling Hindu warrior classes. This graveyard is the family graveyard of Jokhio tribe. The construction of graves was done with the buff sandstones. Construction of graves was done as a single grave of as the group of graves at one platform.
They used to put six vertical slabs for the primary tomb. Among these six slabs, two long slabs covering the length of body used to stand on the both sides and two other vertical slabs to on the head and foot side to cover them. Another set of same sized vertical slabs was used to cover the previous slabs but giving the shape of pyramid to the grave. These slabs were again covered with the four or five horizontal slabs, the upper most part of the tomb was set vertically, and the northern end was carved into a crown or knob.
After the creation of Pakistan, these tombs could not receive any attention but a historian named Dr. I. H Qureshi drew the attention of Archeology Department and Museum towards Chaukhandi Tombs. After the independence of Pakistan the first study made on these tombs were by the Mumtaz Hussain. According to his description Chaukhandi tombs were Baluch tombs. After that, many other researches were conducted and many articles were written on these tombs but still the mystery of these tombs’ origin could not be solved.
An Italian Professor Gian Giuseppe Filippi came to Sindh and visited the prominent parts of the Chaukhandi tombs. In the graveyard, he observed the influences of Rajputs. In his article, he mentioned that it is evident that many warrior groups had family ties with the so-called tribes of Rajputs belonged to Gujarat and Rajhistan. During the Samma Dynasty Jokhio, Numeri, Lashari and some other from the Rajput tribe emigrated from Gujarat towards the Sindh and Makran region. He presented this hypothesis not only on the bases of those slabs but also on the bases of naïve decoration of some tombs. Mostly decoration on the tombs was done with the geometric motifs and human figures were avoided to draw with few exceptions as it is prohibited in Islam.