History of Gilgit Baltistan
If we go through the history of Gilgit Baltistan there were a number of small independent states existed in the history of northern areas of Pakistan among them Hunza and nature were the traditional rival states, situated on opposite sides of the Hunza River. The rulers of these two states known as Thamor/Mir have built various strong holds to express their power. The hunza rulers initially resided in the fort but later as a result of a conflict between the two sons of the ruler sultan shah abbas and Ali khan, shah abbas ( in balti they called shaboos) shifted to the Baltit fort making it the capital seat of hunza.
The power fight among the two brothers ultimately resulted in the death of younger one and so Baltit fort further established itself as the prime seat of power in the hunza state. The rich beauty of Baltit fort can be traced to over seven hundred years ago. The structure of Baltit fort was influenced by Ladakh/Tibetan architecture with some resemblance to the Potala palace in Ladakh.
They have very strong cultural and ethical relation with Ladakh. The region has thousands of year’s old cultural and historical heritages like kharpocho fort built on rock and centuries old inscriptions and pictures of Buddha carved in the mountains and rocks. Baltistan has lofty mountains including K-2 the second highest peak of the world and three mightiest mountain ranges Karakoram, Hindukush, and Himalaya. Five out of fourteen mountain peaks over 8000 meters and some of the largest glaciers outside polar region are located in Gilgit Baltistan.
The whole North Pakistan is known as a paradise for mountaineers, climbers, trekkers, hikers, and anglers of the most famous “trout fish”. God has bestowed Baltistan with lofty mountains and lush valley’s having beautiful lakes located in district ghizer, kachura lake in skardu the upper kachura lake and lower kachura lake, sheosar lake, Deosai national park. Baltistan is the land of nature and adventure lovers.