Nankana Sahab formerly known as Rai-Bhoi-Di-Talwandi is the capital city of the district named Nankana Sahab in a Province of Pakistan, Punjab. This city is famous for its high historic and religious value. The name of the city is after the name of first guru of the Sikhs known as Nanak Dev. This city is of very importance for the Sikhs of all over the world. This city is situated about 80 kilometers southwest of Lahore city and form Faisalabad it is 75 kilometers east. In the past all the area around Nankana Sahab was the tehsil of district Sheikhupura.
Name of the city was changed to the Nankana sahib because the founder and first guru of Sikhs Guru Nanak Dev took birth here at 15 April 1469. Guru Nanak was a divine and a spiritual figure who travelled many places to preach people and teach them the message of one God. There is no exact number of places where he travelled but it is said that there are four major journeys that he made. The first journey was towards Bengal and Assam. In his second journey he went to Sri Lanka. His third journey was towards Kashmir, Ladakh and Tibet and his fourth and final journey was towards Baghdad, Mecca and Madina. He travelled in the directions of East, West. North and South and he made most of his journey on his foot.
He started having vision at the age of 30 when he failed to come back after taking bathe in a river called Kali Bein. People of the town thought that he had drown as his cloths were found on the bank of the river. People tried to find out the body but they could not find anybody there. Nanak Dev reappeared after three days and stayed silent. The next day he spoke and uttered some words that, “there is neither Hindu nor Muslim so whose path shall I follow? I shall follow God’s path. God is neither Hindu nor Muslim and the path which I follow is God’s”. Nanak Dev said that he was taken to the God’s court and was commanded with the cup filled with nectar that, “This is the cup of the adoration of God’s name. Drink it. I am with you. I bless you and raise you up. Whoever remembers you will enjoy my favour. Go, rejoice of my name and teach others to do so. I have bestowed the gift of my name upon you. Let this be your calling.”
From that day, Sikhism was originated and Nanak Dev was described as Guru. He teached a lot during his life and he died on 22 September 1539.
His birthday 15 April is a very special event for the Sikhs and they celebrate it as Parakash Divas of Guru Nanak Dev and Sikhs from all over the world on this day visit the birthplace that is now marked by Gurdwara Janam Asthan.