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All India Muslim League (1906)

All India Muslim League (1906)

The day of December 30, 1906 has far reaching consequences in the history of the Sub-Continent when the Muslims of India named their separate identity and founded the All India Muslim League to have their say. The annual meeting of All India Mohammeden Educational Conference (December 27-30, 1906) became the message of the liberation of Muslims later on in history when 3000 Muslims from all over India gathered in Dhaka to discuss their issues.

The meeting was headed by Nawab Waqar-ul- Mulk and Nawab Mohsin-ul- Mulk , the secretary of the All India Mohammaden Educational Conference. Nawab Saleem ullah Khan of Dhaka proposed it while Maulana Mohammad Ali Jauhar, Hakim Ajmal Khan, Maulana Zafar Ali Khan along with others supported it. Sir Agha Khan lll (who named it as All india Muslim League) was declared the honorary president of the Muslim League while Lucknow was made its first headquarters. Nawab Sir Khawaja Saleem ullah hosted the meeting. The first meeting of All India Muslim League was held on December 20, 1907 in Karachi where its constitution was framed by the Muslims leaders. The League played the most important role in the history of Sub-Continent and succeeded in winning freedom from both the British and the Hindus in the later years.

Though the Muslim League has a history of events which led to its formation but some current issues paved the way to form a platform. Indian National Conference was founded in 1885 but it did very little for the Muslim cause though it was joined by many top rank Muslims. Congress stayed a Hindu body having least concern with the Muslims though it was founded by A.O. Hume, a British official. Consequently, the Muslims needed a station to voice their wishes and demands.

Partition of Bengal proved to be a knee-jerk for the Muslim as it unfolded the Hindu psychology to the Muslims who were keeping high expectations from the Hindus and joined the Congress. Many Muslim leaders pleaded and worked for the Hindu-Muslim unity. But the belligerent reaction of the Hindus upon the partition of Bengal (which was seen as totally in the favor of the Muslims of East Bengal) narrated the “Two Nation Theory” in a crystal clear and the Muslims were now convinced that both Hindus and Muslims were two nations with no common trait or interest except being in common land.

The United Province came into lime light when the Hindi, written in Devnagari script, was made the official language and the minorities felt a fear of being suppressed by the Hindus who were in majority. Such issues raised many marks and the Muslims decided to unite themselves under a platform named as Muslim League. Mohammad Ali Jinnah joined the Muslim League in 1913 when he was disappointed with the Congress and Hindus. The Muslim League ultimately won freedom from the British Rule and the Hindu Raj under the unprecedented guidance of Mohammad Ali Jinnah.


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